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Mj mumus, a melamine

Mj mumus, a melamine

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There are regular reports of food scandals, poisoned or contaminated products, even their victims. This time the world was shocked by the melamine Chinese milk powder. Do we need her?

It is based on resin

Again, we were reluctant to learn the name of a chemical compound, melamine. This nitrogen-containing chemical became rabid in the world cheese when it was found out that thousands of babies were infected with milk powder contaminated with this substance in Kenya and, moreover, causing death to several children. Melamine (chemically known as C3H6N6, 1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine) is a high nitrogen, heterocyclic compound, a lightweight feedstock. It is used for the production of mainly plastic, resin and fertilizer. The ebbхl elхбllнtott kьlцnbцzх melamine formaldehyde mыgyantбk or aminoplasts are known szйles kцrben, hasznбlatosak tцbb cйlra, pйldбul alkalmazzбk these papнrok impregnбlбsбra, mыanyag kitchen eszkцzцk, edйnyek, tбnyйrok, evхeszkцzцk, bъtorlapok kйszнtйsйhez, bevonбsбhoz, hangszigetelх mыanyaghabok alapanyagakйnt, etc ... The melamine tehбt a among the many compounds for modern, industrial purposes that are fine with nothing, unless they are deprived of such grossly "functional" and food raw materials.

Hallapos Counterfeiting

Inedible material, what could have been the reason why the name of food ingredients came up? Coarse counterfeit inducers find that because of the high nitrogen content of melamine, the addition of melamine to a given food or feed material seems to be more valuable, richer in protein. The simplest tests used to determine the protein content of food ingredients measure the level of nitrogen in the product. Melamine is non-toxic in small amounts, however, if ingested on a regular basis over an extended period of time, it primarily attacks the urinary excretory organs and may cause bladder stones and kidney stones.

It started with poisonous pet food

Previously, the name melamine was raised in connection with a health scandal: in May 2007, the US Food and Drug Administration banned the marketing of pet foods that contained a certain amount of melamine-rich beans. These products were recalled after a number of hobbies, mainly cats and dogs in the United States became ill and died after consuming such food. In the United States, pig and poultry feed contaminated with melamine, as well as corn gluten containing melamine, has also been found in the United States. Animals that have been fed fodder with poor quality feed and the resulting flesh-eating human diseases have not so far occurred in human beings.


Following the outbreak of an infant formula scandal in China in 2008, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) issued a communication on the health risks of melamine in Chinese milk and dairy products. Although imports of milk and milk products into the European Union are prohibited, other food products, pastries, biscuits, etc. are prohibited. Foods containing milk powder contaminated with melamine may have entered the territory of the European Union. Therefore, EFSA has issued a request to the European Commission to address the risk to human health posed by the possible presence of melamine in food (eg biscuits, sweets). In this statement, EFSA experts indicate the tolerable daily intake of melamine at 0.5 mg / kg bw / day, without the risk of health impairment. In the risk assessment of dairy-containing foods, the highest levels of melamine in Chinese infant formulas have been assumed, which is based on the worst case scenario. Based on these, EFSA has issued the following statement: In Europe, the estimated consumption of chocolate and biscuits containing contaminated milk powder is unlikely to cause any health effects in adults, even if they are still at their highest level. milk caramel and chocolate are common. However, in the case of children consuming very large amounts of milk powder confectionery (milk caramel, milk chocolate, biscuits), and the very highest level of impurities in milk powder, the intake may exceed the daily intake. If you consume an equally large amount of each product on a regular basis, it is possible that your intake may exceed these values ​​by more than three times. The EFSA Bulletin notes that in Europe, such high levels of intake are not known.

Take precautionary measures across Europe…

Following the outbreak of the scandal, the European Commission decided on 26 September on special conditions for imports of products containing milk or milk products originating in China. According to this, all products of Chinese origin containing more than 15 percent of milk or unknown quantities must be examined at the border when entering the territory of the Union. Products that contain more than 2.5 mg / kg of melamine for the test must be discarded. Inspections and destruction shall be at the expense of the owner of the goods.
… And also in Hungary
On the Hungarian food safety requirements related to the issue dr. Miklós Sьth, the country's chief medical officer, issued a resolution. With regard to the importation of products of milk or milk products originating in or consigned from China, the European Commission has enacted the following provisions in its decision:
  1. each is specifically prohibited csecsemхk йs children tбplбlбsбra szбnt цsszetett (бllati йs nцvйnyi eredetы termйkeket egyarбnt tartalmazу) йlelmiszer import Kнnбbуl that the szбnt kьlцnleges tбplбlkozбsi cйlokra йlelmiszerekre vonatkozу tagбllami jogszabбlyok kцzelнtйsйrхl szуlу 89/398 / EEC (1989 mбjus 3) eurуpai tanбcsi is under the scope of this directive.
  2. On Kнnбbуl szбllнtott, or from szбrmazу йlelmiszerek and takarmбnyok containing tejtermйkeket 15 szбzalйkban or annбl more arбnyban or tejtermйk content mйrtйke not бllapнthatу at the Eurуpai Uniуba Magyarorszбgon tцrtйnх belйptetйse and free circulation bocsбtбsa kizбrуlag the Mezхgazdasбgi Szakigazgatбsi Office (tovбbbiakban: MgSz) (may be issued after approval by the European Commission following Decision 2008/757 / EC).
  3. All food and feed companies (hereafter referred to as "the company") are required to test, test, and determine the composition of any food or feed that they
    (a) contain 15% or more of milk products, or
    (b) the content of the contents of the milk products cannot be determined.
  4. Foods or feed containing more than 2.5 mg / kg of melamine must be disposed of.
  5. All companies are required to report promptly to the competent MgSzH Food Chain Safety and Health Administration at levels exceeding 2.5 mg / kg.
  6. Costs resulting from the implementation of this Decision shall be borne by the food or feed business operator concerned, in accordance with Article VI of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004. annexes in accordance with Article 22.
The Food Chain Responsibility Agency has so far carried out inspections (according to a notice in early October 2008) of no quantities of melamine above the action limits. Experts on milk-based foods from China will continue to be tested by professionals. The Hungarian Food Safety Authority continues to ask the consumer that, if they have a meal, eg. touristy chinese milk powder, baby formula, do not use it!Forrбs: and