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Йlienek kнvьl-belьl

Йlienek kнvьl-belьl



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We share an astonishingly large number of lives every day. Did you know that you are not alone?

Although the image of them is like landing on a moon depicted in science, it is actually a bacteriophage that just attacks the bacteria - this scene takes place in our bodies every now and then, and it works.
Outrageous or symbiotic? Of the 100 billion non-human organisms that live on or in the surface of the human body, there are only a few that do not harm or even help the world. What are these alien invaders and what are their benefits to our health?

Either you break it, or you get something out of the blind

Bacteria cause unpleasant diseases such as tetanus or tuberculosis. However, bacteria living in the human stomach and intestine are useful: they help carbohydrates and other nutrients that are difficult to digest by breaking them down into smaller molecules.
THE Clostridium difficile And similarly, against dangerous bacteria, they protect the intestines from covering the surface on which unwanted bacteria can colonize. The blind, often considered a useless organ, provides a shelter for these bacteria to rest and regenerate.

We can protect ourselves from malignant viruses and bacteria with proper hygiene


Our body also produces special antibodies, harmful compounds that generally play a role in the fight against the germicidal microbes, helping the work of good bacteria. IgA (Immunoglobulin A), for example, forms a supportive structure that protects against good bacteria in the stomach and prevents survival.

Our powerhouses were bacteria

Most cells in the body contain mitochondria. These tiny micrometre-thick, microscopic cellular organs are the cell's powerhouses because they are responsible for storing energy from nutrients. The most interesting thing about mitochondria is that they were once bacteria that became involved in the cell to form a mutually beneficial relationship.
They are very similar in structure to bacteria and have their own DNA. It is also a common bacterium, SAR11, which is genetically similar to what it is believed to be from the same origin as mitochondria.

Funny people

From viruses to smallpox, viruses can cause many diseases. However, the few viruses that attack our intestines or wounds act like a natural remedy: these are bacteriophages. Even though harmful viruses kill human cells, bacteriophages attack bacteria. Its own DNA is injected into the bacterium, which serves as a host for the virus to multiply, and the bacterium is killed during the process. Bacteriophages are released into the body through the air or by contact. However, they do not hold much in our bodies because they are recognized and destroyed by our immune cells.

We invade your lashes

Half of the human population has hair follicles, tiny mites that feed on dead skin cells and frost. Unlike the roof and the flea, however, they are harmless. Although some people may have an allergic reaction, the majority are unaware of the presence. Hair follicles spread by direct facial contact. Generally they prefer the older host whose skin is generally leaner.

Good larvae

The majority of humans are shuddering at the idea of ​​larvae. However, most of our humans were larvae, and our bodies have developed defense mechanisms that minimize their effects.
Experts increasingly believe that autoimmune diseases, especially those that are rapidly spreading during the 20th century, Crohn betegsйg And some allergies can be the result of an overreaction in our body, because our immune systems are prepared to fight off worms that are not already present in our body. When used properly, larvae, at University College London, can be used to select a more controlled immune response that is less harmful to the human host.